[Circulaire 0078, 2eme Semaine de Juillet 2014, v1.0 built 1.7 - breloque ]
One of four titles used to classify someone based on their technical and social skills. The other
three titles are nerd, dork, and normie. The difference between the four titles can be easily
shown in table form:
................ Technical ........ Social
Title ............ Skills ......... Skills
---------- ---------------- ------------
Normie ............ No .............. Yes
Geek .............. Yes ............. Yes
Nerd .............. Yes ............. No
Dork .............. No .............. No
"Pourquoi forcer la serrure quand on peut dévisser les pentures?"
1. To program a computer in a clever, virtuosic, and wizardly manner. Ordinary computer jockeys
merely write programs; hacking is the domain of digital poets. Hacking is a subtle and arguably
mystical art, equal parts wit and technical ability, that is rarely appreciated by non-hackers.
2. To break into computer systems with malicious intent. This sense of the term is the one that
is most commonly heard in the media, although sense 1 is much more faithful to its original
meaning. Contrary to popular misconception, this sort of hacking rarely requires cleverness or
exceptional technical ability; most so-called "black hat" hackers rely on brute force techniques
or exploit known weaknesses and the incompetence of system administrators.
(HACKer acTIVIST) A person who demonstrates against a company or government agency by malicious
technological means. Examples are causing a Web site to fail or slow down, or breaking into a
computer system to obtain unauthorized information. In 2011, after MasterCard, Visa and PayPal
cut off service to Wikileaks, hacktivists set up denial of service attacks against their Web
sites. Hacktivists promote free availability of information on the Internet and may protest when
actions inhibit this freedom.
The activity of doing or making something (as in woodworking or home repair) without professional
training or assistance; broadly : an activity in which one does something oneself or on one's
A facility to incubate nerds and equip them with tools. Currently found in all major cities,
hackerspaces exist to pool nerds' resources together and enable them to build and invent ever
newer and better things. Most hackerspaces are equipped with rapid prototyping machines (3D
printers, laser cutters, CNCs), metal milling tools, welding, electronics, and millinery.
A killer application (commonly shortened to killer app) is a computer program that is so useful
that you cant just imagine your life without.
A widely used phrase from the book 1984 by George Orwell.
"Big Brother is watching you"
An omnipresent, seemingly benevolent figure representing the oppressive control over individual
lives exerted by an authoritarian government.
The practical applications of Big Brother watching you today: surveillance cameras, wiretaps,
tracking Internet use, spychips, digital facial recognition, etc.